In the early 1850s, Napoleon III commissioned the urban planner Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann, the task of making Paris the most modern city in the world. At that time, the city was just like in the Middle Ages. Charles-François Bossu says Marville (1818 – 1879) was a French photographer known for his photographs of Paris before the great works of Haussmann that transformed the capital.
In 1862 he became photographer of the City of Paris and begins to document photographically onto glass plates streets and new development of the city of Paris among which figured prominently the urinal that allow men to satisfy a natural need in full middle of the city. Public toilets in the streets of Paris — 1865-1875 years.
Source — www.vergue.com